The first federal version of a drug tax is introduced as the Harrison Act which levied a tax on opium and coca products and required people in possession to register their names with the IRS.
Photo Source: New York Law School Digital Commons
Arizona institutes the first drug tax to penalize people who evade criminal charges
NC and several other states follow suit, pass drug tax acts
Most states start repealing drug tax acts, meanwhile NC’s general assembly (1) made the drug tax payable upon receipt of drugs rather than upon a criminal violation; (2) lowered the tax on various drugs; (3) repealed the section that made the violation of the drug tax a Class I felony; and (4) lowered the interest and penalty applicable when a dealer fails to pay the tax within 45 days of receiving the drugs from 100% to 50%.
The state also added constructive possession to the drug possession requirement meaning that the illegal substance does not have to be found on your actual body, but can be discovered near you, where you can easily access or have control over
N.C. GEN. STAT. §§ 105-113.106, -113.107, -113.110, 113.110(A) (1994), amended by An Act to Revise the Controlled Substance Excise Tax, Ch. 340, H.B. No. 123 (1995).
The General Assembly amends NC’s drug tax law to include previously unaccounted for substances, such as mash and illicit beverages.
The court of appeals ruled that NC’s drug tax was actually a criminal penalty and not just a tax, thus it was not in compliance with the constitution’s double jeopardy clause. Instead of getting rid of the drug tax, NC’s General assembly amends the law yet again, making the following changes:
(1) lowered the rate at which it taxed cocaine from $200 per gram to $50 per gram; (2) lowered the rate at which it taxed drugs based on dosage units from $400 per 10 dosage units to $200 per 10 dosage units; and (3) completely abolished the special penalty and interest section and replaced it with the general interest and penalty provisions applicable to all taxes paid in North Carolina, effectively reducing the penalty for late payment from 50% to 10-40%.
Only 109 stamps have been purchased in NC since 1989, mostly by stamp collectors. An NC DEpartment of Revenue official reported that the department had issued an assessment as high as $5 million
Only 321 stamps have been sold since 1990 totaling $36,006.18 in revenue and $1,161,49 per year on average. Experts propose that most of the purchased stamps were bought by stamp collectors
The city council in Wilmington, NC voted in favor of allocating $40,000 of drug tax money to build a Law Enforcement Museum at the WIlmington Police Department
The drug tax still exists and continues to harm many NC families